Panthera Tigris or the Tiger are the most abundant mammal of the cat species. The dark stripes on the orange-brown fur are visible from a considerable distance and become the unique identity of the animal.
If you are considering the feeding habit of the living organism, then it is primarily an apex predator. It relies mostly on deer and wild boar. This biggest cat requires a vast natural habitat and thick forest both for a living and accomplish the needs for preying.
These animals are highly independent. Their cubs live for a maximum period of two tears with their mother after birth, and then they leave the home range of their mother to build their territory.
Apart from the brown and orange, i.e., the most commonly found tiger species, one can also see a white tiger, their entire body is white with dark tan stripes all around. It is the rarest form of tigers, and thus mostly found in the zoo for the preservation of the species.
These species, in short, can be referred to as the most revered fauna species on the planet with unique features. Beautiful appearance, mesmerizing gaze, tremendous speed, and swift hunter. Long claws and sharp canine teeth precisely support its preying essentials.
Range and Territory of the Tigers:
The species was notably reported by the scientists in the year 1858. Further, Tigris Regalis (grey) came into notice in 1867. The family of the biggest cat was widespread in the west starting from the Eastern Anatolia Region to the Amur River Basin. It is not all; the species was prevalent in the southern region too. One can find their vast population in Sunda Islands, starting from the Himalayas to Bali.
Well, after the 20th century we could observe the massive loss in the population of the tigers. It reduced to approximately 93 percent.
Today, the Tiger Species can be found limited to Siberian Temperate Forests to Subtropical and tropical forests. The limited population of tigers can now be found in India and Sumatra. Due to the continuous fall down in the population of Asian Tigers, the species was listed in the IUCN Red List of Endangered Species. Some of the common reasons that led to the extinction of the species include the destruction of the natural habitat, poaching, and fragmentation of the natural habitats
Evolution of Tigers:
The prior development of the Tiger species is a lion, jaguar, and a Panthera. 2.88 million years ago, there was a reported tiger and snow leopard diverted from Leopard and Jaguar. It more closely related to Panthera and Lion.
Modern Tiger can be referred to as the sister species for Panthera Zdanskyi. Well, if something differs from the Chinese Panthera Species is, the Tiger Size.
The Tigers started growing in size. It was all because of their preying habits and prolonged stretching while running. Panthera lived approximately 1.2 million years ago. Japanese Tigers were also extinct by prehistoric times. Some of the historic researches remark the presence of tigers and lions in Alaska nearly 100,000 years ago.
Well, there are other countries too where tiger remains could be found across the Globe. The continuous extinction of the species led to the hybridisation of the tiger and lion to preserve the species. The species generated was named as Tigon. It is done by the mating of a lioness and a male tiger.
Facts about Tiger
If we talk about their built, then it has muscular Forelimbs, large head, stripped body, and the tail that measures around half the length of its entire body.
The stripe pattern in the Asian Tigers can be unique to each individual. Tiger is one of the very few striped cat species. The coat pattern of the tigers is visible even after a shave. It is due to the presence of subtle hair follicles all over the skin. It is similar to that of the human beards.
Most commonly, the tigers are referred to as the big cats. However, in each of the tiger, there is one thing every day that is the small rounded ear with a white spot followed by a black place. It is essential for intra-specific communication.If you compare the skull of a lion and the tiger, it is almost similar. The front part of the body is flattened or depressed compared to the back portion. The post orbital portion is usually longer.
The skull of the lion has broad nasal openings, and there is a variation in the jawline of both the tiger and the lion. It is generally referred to as the differentiation factor in both the species.This species usually have stout teeth, curved canines, and the crown height highest among the family that is 90mm.
What Is The Size Of Tigris?
Well, to consider the Tiger Size, one can see a notable difference between the male and the female species of the tiger. The size of the females is considerably smaller than the males.
The difference in the size of the species is more prominent in adults. Along with the size, there is a vast difference in the weight of the tiger and the tigress. A tiger of the same age usually weighs 1.7 times more than the tigress.
One can track the sex of the tiger merely by looking at the paw. The forepaw of the tiger is much broader than the females. The total length of the tiger generally varies between 250 and 390 cm. The Various Types of Tiger can weigh between 90 and 306 kg.
Talking about the length of the tigress, it can be anywhere between 200 to 275 cms. Now, talking about the weight, it can be anywhere between 80 to 167 kg. If we talk about the tallest member of the cat family, then Bengal Tiger and Siberian Tiger have the command.
Habitat and Distribution of the Tigris across the Globe
If we talk about the natural habitat of the tiger or an ideal place for where do Tigers Live? Therefore, initially, it varied from Turkey to Transcaucasia. It was in the region of the Sea of Japan. Talking about the southern range, it differs from Southeast Asia to Southern Asia.
Considering the Indonesian islands, it was found in Sumatra, Bali, and Java. After the end of the last glacial period, there was a massive reduction in the population of the tiger and is confined to only 6 percent of its entire historical range.
If we talk about the present distribution of their population, they are pre-dominantly found in Southwest, Eastern, South East, and Central Asia. Usually, the habitats of the tiger associate with the dense forests.
The thriving of the population is possible where it can be seen the concentration of the suids, cervids, and bovids. Now, if we talk about the Indian subcontinent, it is concentrated in the area of tall grasslands, swamp forests, and the riverine forests.
In Thailand, it can be found in the dense deciduous forest, dry evergreen forest, as well as the dry dipterocarp forests. As per the availability of woods and grasses in different regions, the tiger finds its natural habitat.
Diet and Hunting of the Tigris
These animals can appear peaceful while they are asleep, but they are very active and can sense the smallest of the move. They can smell and detect even the slightest noise from a distance. They are always on the feet to hunt their prey.
Now, if you wish to know what do Tigers Eat? Therefore, you shall not be surprised to know this carnivorous wild animal can easily hunt and eat the animals more significant and broader than it eats. It relies on the mammals that can range in weight anywhere between 60 kg to 250 kg.
Some of the traditional hunts for this ferocious animal include Manchurian wapiti, Sambar deer, Barasingha, wild boar, and adult gaur. If it cannot find the larger prey, then What Do Tigers Eat? Well, it relies on some of the smaller victims such as monkeys, ground-based birds, peafowl, fish, porcupines, and any predator that it can find in front of its eyes.
Researches have reported that there are incidents when Tiger even prey on dogs, crocodiles, pythons, leopards, and bears. When Bengal Tigers are near a human, you can find them relying on donkeys, horses, and other omnivores too.
They are not found hunting elephants and rhinoceros. To get the dietary fiber, these animals sometimes eat the fruit of slow match trees. Although, that condition is scarce.
Different Types of Tigers
In the past, there were several Types of Tiger that included both hybrid and natural. Some of the commonly found species of tigers are detailed below.
Facts about Panthera Tigris Altaica or Siberian Tiger
Siberian Tiger is one of the largest among the subspecies. It can be found in the coldest region. Unfortunately, presently only 450 of them remain. It can be found in Eastern Russia and North Eastern China. Siberian Tiger Facts reveal that the males of this species can be as large as a station wagon.
Compared to all other species of the tiger, this one has the palest orange color coat with the fewest stripes over it. It has the thickest coat, and it can grow longer than their other subspecies. These traits allow the tiger to survive in the coldest climate including the snowfall region.
Facts about Indian Panthera Tigris or Bengal Tiger
Bengal Tiger is as large as the Siberian Tiger. It is the most widely found species of the Tigris at present. If we talk about the present count of the tigers, it is close to 3400.
Although, after extinction from different parts of the world, it can now only be found in India, Pakistan, and Nepal. Bengal Tiger Facts reveal that these tigers are the maximum in count compared to the other types of existing tiger species at present. All the steps are taken by the wildlife authorities for the preservation and conservation of these tigers.
Apart from these two most commonly found species of tiger, a few larger cats add to the tiger family. It includes south China Tiger, Malayan Tiger, Indochinese Tiger, and more.
Range of Living and their Family Life
These are the sole animals, unless and until the mother needs to take care of the cub. The home range of the them is too widespread, depending on the existence of the prey.
It is a fact that the males have a larger territory compared to that of the females. Neither the male can bear another male tiger in its territory, nor can a female allow another female to enter the territory.
Siberian Tigers have the longest territory, which can vary from 4,000 to 10,000 km. Therefore, they might have to run several km in search of food. It is often found that they divide their territory range with others, and usually do not enter other’s territory.
It is rarest that the tigers share their territory with each other. When the tigress is ready for reproduction, she leaves the messages through urine on trees. It gives an indication to the male partner, and they might start living together.
The cubs are born small, but they remain in the place only for eight weeks. After eight weeks, they join their mother for hunting. Within six months, these cubs are ready to hunt cattle, dear and wild pig.
Conservation of Tiger
The extinction of the species has now led to its conservation. The reduction of the population to 93 percent is not a thing to be neglected. White Tiger can now only be found at the zoo. Out of the 23 tiger species existing earlier, only the six subspecies remain, and that too all are endangered.
Be it Asian or Albino none of them remain high in number. Tigers did not extinct only because of the changes in their natural habitat, but for several years, tigers were hunted. Sometimes, the reason was only the hunting practice and hobbies of kings while at times to make different products from their skin and fur.
If we talk about their overall count, it is not more than 5,000 in the world at present. Therefore, the conservation of these wild animals is essential. Moreover, the Tiger Lifespan and multiplying rate are too low compared to the rate at which it gets extinct.
Also see : A brief account on Lion
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